1

What is/are the advantage/advantages of zero tillage in agriculture?
1. Sowing of wheat is possible without burning the residue of previous crop.
2. Without the need for nursery of rice saplings, direct planting of paddy seeds in the wet
soil is possible.
3 Carbon sequestration in the soil is possible.
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2

With reference to pulse production in India, consider the following statements:
1. Black gram can be cultivated as both kharif and rabi crop.
2. Green-gram alone accounts for nearly half of pulse production.
3. In the last three decades, while the production of kharif pulses has increased, the
production of rabi pulses has decreased.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3

�The crop is subtropical in nature. A hard frost is injurious to it. It requires at least 210
frost-free days and 50 to 100 centimeters of rainfall for its growth. A light well-drained soil
capable of retaining moisture is ideally suited for the cultivation of the crop.� Which one of
the following is that crop?

4

With reference to the current trends in the cultivation of sugarcane in India, consider the
following statements:
1. A substantial saving in seed material is made when �bud chip settlings� are raised in a
nursery and transplanted in the main field.
2. When direct planting of setts is done, the germination percentage is better with singlebudded setts as compared to setts with many buds.
3. If bad weather conditions prevail when setts are directly planted, single-budded setts
have better survival as compared to large setts.
4. Sugarcane can be cultivated using settlings prepared from tissue culture.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5

In the context of India, which of the following is/are considered to be of practice(s) of
eco-friendly agriculture?
1. Crop diversification
2. Legume intensification
3. Tensiometer use
4. Vertical farming
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6

What are the advantages of fertigation in agriculture?
1. Controlling the alkalinity of irrigation water is possible
2. Efficient application of Rock Phosphate and all other phosphatic fertilizers is possible.
3. Increased availability of nutrients to plants is possible.
4. Reduction in the leaching of chemical nutrients is possible.
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7

With reference to chemical fertilizers in India, consider the following statements:
1. At present, the retail price of chemical fertilizers is market-driven and not administered
by the Government.
2. Ammonia, which is an input of urea, is produced from natural gas.
3. Sulphur, which is a raw material for Phosphoric acid fertilizer, is a by-product of oil
refineries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

8

How is permaculture farming different from conventional chemical farming?
(1) Permaculture farming discourages monocultural practices but in conventional chemical
farming, monoculture practices are pre-dominant.
(2) Conventional chemical farming can cause increase in soil salinity but the occurrence of such
phenomenon is not observed in permaculture farming.
(3) Practice of mulching is very important in permaculture farming but not necessarily so in
conventional chemical farming.
(4) Practice of mulching is very important in permaculture farming but not necessarily so in conventional chemical farming
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9

In the context of India?s preparation for Climate-Smart Agriculture, consider the following
statements:
(1) The ?Climate-Smart Village? approach in India is a part of a project led by the Climate
Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), an international research programme.
(2) The project of CCAFS is carried out under Consultative Group on International Agricultural
Research (CGIAR) headquartered in France.
(3) The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in India is one
of the CGIAR?s research centres.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

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