Tricky Bits & Points

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>It is </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>mandatory</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> to appoint senior most
judge of SC as CJI </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Constitution
empowered Parliament for the creation of All India Judicial Service. But
no law has been enacted so far. Such creation of service is not
considered as amendment under Article 368</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Redaction</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> is the selection or
adaption by ‘obscuring or removing sensitive information’ from
document
prior to publication.</span></li>
<li style='color:#000000;background:#00CCFF;mso-highlight:#00CCFF;margin-top:
0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><img
width=16 height=16
alt=Tricky src="https://static.wixstatic.com/media/760013_06c2a583c0c34b17b47620d978f66ccf~mv2.png">&nbsp;<span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>United
Nations UN does not come under the definition of '</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>State</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>' under Article 12. It is
not considered as a foreign state</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>. </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Hence Indian states are not
required to take consent of Central Govt to initiate a legal suit against
UNO as it is not a foreign state and is only an International
Organization. However UN enjoys immunity of legal processes except where
it is exempted</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>No member from the
Anglo-Indian community has been nominated to the current Lok Sabha</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Ministers shall hold office
during the pleasure of </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>President</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Reservations for SCs and STs
exists (Art 330, 332) in Lok Sabha and State assemblies </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>but not</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>
for Rajya Sabha and State legislative councils </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>If any foreign territory
becomes part of India, the power to specify that people of those foreign
territory shall be the citizens of India is vested with Union Government
but </span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>not</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> with Parliament.</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Ex: Citizenship
(Pondicherry) Order 1962 issued by GOI under Citizenship Act, 1955</span></li>
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<li style='color:#000000;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><img width=16
height=16 alt=Tricky src="https://static.wixstatic.com/media/760013_06c2a583c0c34b17b47620d978f66ccf~mv2.png">&nbsp;<span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'>Prohibition Writ </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>cannot</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> be issued against </span><span style='font-weight:
bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Administrative</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> authorities while
Certiorari can be issued against Administrative authorities </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Parliamentary system is
based on the principle of cooperation and coordination b/w legislative
and executive organs while presidential system is based on the doctrine
of separation of powers b/w Executive and Legislature</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>To form a
political party is a fundamental right under Article 19(3)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Freedom of movement within
the country comes under Article 19(4) while freedom to go to abroad comes
under Article 21 (personal liberty)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Republic in the Preamble
means elected head. I</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>t also means vesting of </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>political sovereignty in the hands of people</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'> rather than single individual and also </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>absence of privileged class</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> (all public offices open to
all)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>President can exclude posts,
services, matters from the purview of UPSC (such regulations shall be
laid before parliament which it can amend) </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>DPSP </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>cannot act
as constraints/limitations on the government</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> because they are not
enforceable and they are fundamental to the governance of a country while
FR act as limitations on the government powers</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>DPSP are fundamental to
the governance of the country. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Forcible conversions amounts
to violation of one's </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>freedom of conscience</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Governor
removal by Centre can be challenged in the courts on the grounds of
arbitrariness or bad faith [</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>BP Singhal Case 2010]</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Asymmetric federalism -
special provisions and status to some states like North Eastern states
(Art 371)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Attorney
General can be nominated as a member of any committees of the Parliament</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Constitution does not
mentioned the term of Rajyasabha members and delegated it to Parliament.
Representation of People Act 1951 defines the term of Rajyasabha member
as 6 years</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Constitution empowered </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Parliament</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> (not President) to decide
the manner of choosing representatives of UTs in Loksabha</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>According to the Supreme
Court, even a </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>private body or an agency working as an </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>instrument of the State</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> falls within the meaning of the 'State' under
Article 12. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Paying
taxes as suggested by Swaran Singh Committee and casting vote is not a
fundamental duty</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Right to strike does not
comes under Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>CAG only </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>compiles accounts of states but not accounts of Center</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>. For the
centre it is done by accounts department (Controller General of Accounts)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Parliament determines the
qualification and selection procedure for the members of Finance
Commission </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>whereas tenure of its members is decided by President. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>The constitution prohibits
levying tax for promotion or maintenance of any particular religion. But
it does not prohibit putting a fee on any religious services</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Chief minister of Delhi is
appointed by </span><span style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>president but not Lieutenant Governor </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Delhi: Maximum strength of council of minister at 10% of total
strength of legislative assembly </span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Minimum</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> no. of ministers in a
State shall not be less than 12 and maximum does not exceed 15 percent
of strength of state assembly</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>In case of central
executive, no minimum condition and the maximum does not exceed<span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>15 percent of strength of LS</s
pan></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Martial law has</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> not been
defined an</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>ywhere
in the Constitution. It is implicit. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Fundamental
duties are applicable only to Citizens of India but not for aliens</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Parliament by</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> simple
majority</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> conferment of more jurisdiction
on the supreme court </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Parliament cannot curtail
but extend the powers and jurisdiction of SC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Amendment in Power of
Parliament to amend the constitution- special majority + half of states</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Fundamental duties in
addition to DPSP can be used in determining the constitutionality of any
law but cannot be legally enforceable</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>If a law is enacted to
enforce a</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> Fundamental Duty</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>/DPSP, courts can see a reasonable relaxation to
Fundamental Rights w.r.t 14, 19 </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>A nominated member of the
house becomes disqualified if he/she joins party </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>after</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> the expiry of 6 months</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> from the date on which
he/she takes his/her seat in the house. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>President, not Lok Sabha, who appoints a
member of parliament as acting speaker if the post of speaker/deputy
speaker is vacant</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> until the next speaker/deputy
speaker is elected by the house. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Distinguished jurist can be
appointed as judge of SC but no provision to be appointed as Judge of HC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Pensions of HC judge is
charged on </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>Consolidated Fund of India </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>and Salary and allowances
charged on CFS</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>CBI is also empowered to take cognizance of cases requested by
private persons on bribery cases</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Gram Sabha is a body
consisting of persons</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> registered in the electoral rolls</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> of a village comprised
within the area of Panchayat at the village level. </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Ordinance is same as that of
an parliament act except that ordinance cannot be issued for
Constitutional Amendments</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>In this capacity,</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>
ordinances can also be issued for amending tax laws</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Elections for the board
members of cooperative societies are administered by the body that is
delegated by State legislature.</span></li>
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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Careful: </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'><span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>you think the authority is elect
ion
commission. It may be the case. It has to be decided by State
legislature</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>State Election Commission
responsible for panchayat and municipal elections but disputes as
decided by State legislature</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>CAG is an agent of
Parliament and responsible to it but that does not mean it is under
control of Parliament. It is an independent constitutional office.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Governor is an agent of Central Govt and that does not mean, he
is subordinate to GOI. He is an independent constitutional office.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, while
assuming their offices, do not make and subscribe any </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>separate</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> oath or affirmation</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>President,
VP,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Governor, Ministers, me
mbers
of legislature, CJI, SC, HC judges, </span><span style='font-weight:bold;
text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>CAG, CIC,
CVC</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'>, Lokpal has to take oath</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Provident
fund deposits,</span><span style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> judicial deposits</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, savings
bank deposits, departmental deposits, remittances goes to Public Account
of India</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>High court can also review
Central laws if it is repugnant to constitution.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Article 352 </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>defines</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'> cabinet</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>NOTA option can be used in
RS polls.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>President can grant pardon
to a person </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>only</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> on the </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>advice of union </span><span style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
underline;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>cabinet</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> (Note: not council of ministers) - SC guideline</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Nominated members of
Parliament are exempted from filing assets/liabilities under
Representation of People Act 1951</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>It is a </span><span
style='text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Parliamentary convention</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> that nominated members of
Parliament are not appointed as ministers</span></li>
<li style='color:#000000;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><img width=16
height=16 alt=Tricky src="https://static.wixstatic.com/media/760013_06c2a583c0c34b17b47620d978f66ccf~mv2.png">&nbsp;<span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Cabinet Committee on
Parliamentary Affairs is headed by Union Defence Minister (Earlier,
before June 2019, it was Union Home minister )</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Initially, President
notifies the ST/SC list (one time) and later on Parliament empowered to
add/delete any ST/SC in the list.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>According to the</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> clause 3 of Article 370</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, “The President may, by publ
notification,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>declare th
t this
article shall cease to be operative, ‘provided that he receives th
“</span><sp
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>recommendation of the Constituent Assembly
of the Stat</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>e</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> (Kashmir).”</span></l
</ul>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>There is no reference in the
Constitution of India for a separate flag for a State</span></li>
</ul>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Leader of House term defined
in Rules of Procedure of LS &amp; RS</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Constitution declares Delhi
as seat of SC. However</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> CJI with approval of
President</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> is
empowered to change [Note: Not President/Parliament]</span></li>
</ul>
<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="ConstitutionnotdefinedbutdelegatedtoParliament">Constitution not defined but delegated to Parliament</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Mode of election of Loksabha
members in Union Territories- Union Territories (Direct Election to House
of People Act 1965]</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Term of Rajyasabha Members -
Representation of People Act 1951- again authorised President for order
of retirement - Rajyasabha(Term of Office) Order 1952</span></li>
</ul>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Notmentionedintheconstitution">Not mentioned in the constitution</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Judicial Review</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>India is federal</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>National Emergency (but
emergency is mentioned)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Cabinet Committee<span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(But parliamentary committee i
mentioned)</span></li>
</ul>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:11.0pt;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>Office of Whip (is not mentioned in the
Constitution nor in the rules of the house, nor in the Parliamentary
statutes)</span></li>
</ul>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:11.0pt' lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Notdefinedintheconstitution">Not defined in the constitution</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Martial law</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>OBC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Untouchability (mentioned
but not defined)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Minorities (mentioned but
not defined) - Defined in NCM Act 1992</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Office of the Profit
(mentioned but not defined)</span></li>
</ul>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Mentionedintheconstitution">Mentioned in the constitution</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Emergency</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Financial Emergency</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Internal disturbances
(Article 355)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Parliamentary committees </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Office of
Profit </span></li>
</ul>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Definedintheconstitution">Defined in the constitution</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>SC, ST ( SC-341, 366(24),
ST-342, 366(25)) </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Anglo Indian (Article
366(2))</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Cabinet (Article 352)</span></li>
</ul>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="ChargedExpenditureOffices">Charged Expenditure Offices</h3>
<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>President</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Presiding officers of
Legislature</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Salaries of SC Judges</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Pensions</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> of SC &amp; HC judges
[Salaries of HC judges on Consolidated fund of State]</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>CAG, UPSC, Lokpal </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Administrative expenses of
SC, CAG, UPSC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Debt
servicing</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-style:italic;font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'>Statutory grants provided by Centre to States</span></li>
</ul>
<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt' lang=en-US>NOTE: CEC, CIC, Election Commission expenditure is not
charged.</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</ul>