Supreme court

<h2 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:14.0pt;color:#2E75B5'
lang=en-US id="SCJurisdiction">SC Jurisdiction </h2>

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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Original</p>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Federal disputes -
Exclusive and original</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Exclusive and original-
Election disputes related to President and VP</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Original not extended
to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>- Inter Water State di
sputes,
pre constitutional treaties, excluded areas by law, ordinary disputes
of Finance Commission, Commercial nature b/w states and centre,
recovery of damages by state from centre, adjustments of certain
expenses b/w states, centre -</span></li>
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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Appellate</p>
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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Civil,
Criminal, Constitutional cases [appeals only from high court] </p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Special
Leave appeals [appeals from <span style='text-decoration:underline;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>any </span><span style='font-weight:
bold'>court/tribunal</span> except military court/court martial]</p>
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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Advisory</p>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>On any question of </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>law or
fact</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> of
public importance which has arisen or which is likely to arise.
(Supreme Court may tender or may refuse to tender its opinion to the
president) </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>On any dispute arising out
of any pre-constitution treaty, agreement, covenant, engagement, sanad
or other similar instruments. (the Supreme Court </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>must
tender its opinion</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'> to the president)</span></li>
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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt' lang=en-US>Writs</p>
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<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Habeaus
corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warrento , certiorari [Original but not
exclusive]</p>
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<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
11.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:11.0pt'>SC - Adhoc and Retired
judges</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>Retired judges can also be
appointed as Judge of SC for temporary period by CJI with the </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>previous
consent of President</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
11.0pt'> and with the approval of concerned retired judge</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>Ad-hoc judges</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>Chief Justice of India can
appoint a judge of a High Court as an ad hoc judge when there is lack of
quorum in SC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>He can do so only after
consultation with the chief justice of the High Court concerned and with
the</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:
11.0pt'> previous consent of the president</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>Judge so appointed should
be qualified for appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court.</span></li>
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lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>HC - </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Acting Judges</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
11.0pt'>, Additional Judges and Retired judges</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:11.0pt'>Acting and Additional
judges are appointed by President</span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt'>HC judges are </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>appointed by President but oath before Governor </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>No of SC judges decided by Parliament but no.of HC judges in a HC
decided by </span><span style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:11.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>President</span></li>
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