PIL & NALSA

<h2 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:14.0pt;color:#2E75B5'
lang=en-US id="PILPublicInterestLitigation">PIL Public Interest Litigation</h2>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt' lang=en-US>Also SAL - Social Action Litigation, SIL- Social Interest
Litigation, CAL - Class Action Litigation</p>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Background">Background</h3>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Introduced in early 1980
and the pioneers are </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Justice Bhagawati and Justice Krishna Iyer</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>On lines of social
interest litigation in USA</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Principle">Principle</h3>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Traditional rule of
locus standi is that only that person whose rights are infringed alone can
move the court for the remedies</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>But the PIL is exception
to this traditional rule </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Under PIL, any
public-spirited citizen or a social organization can move the court for </span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>enforcement of </span><span style='font-weight:bold;
font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>rights</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>
of </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>any person</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> or </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>group</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> of persons who because
of poverty or ignorance or socially or economically disadvantaged position
are themselves unable to approach court for remedies</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Authority</span></li>
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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Under Article 32, Right
to Constitutional remedies and under Article 226, Power of High Courts to
issue certain writs for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by
Part III , courts are constitutionally bound to protect fundamental
rights of disadvantaged people </span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>PILs can be filed </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>either in the High Court or in the
Supreme Court.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Ordinarily</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> the
High Court should </span><span style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
underline;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>not </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>entertain</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> a writ
petition by way of </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>PIL questioning</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> the </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>constitutionality</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> or
validity of a statute or a statutory rule</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>PIL vs Writ</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>The writ petition is
filed by individuals or institutions for their own benefit, while public
interest litigation is filed for the benefit of the general public.</span></li>
</ul>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Definition">Definition</h3>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>SC defined PIL as a</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&quot;legal action initiated<span style='font-weight:bold'> in a
court of law </span>for enforcement of public interest or general interest in
which the public or a<span style='font-weight:bold'> class of the community</span>
have pecuniary interest or some interest by which their legal rights or
liabilities are affected&quot;</p>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Objectives">Objectives </h3>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Vindication
(justification, right)<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>of ru
le of
law</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Facilitating effective
access to justice to the socially and economically weaker sections of the
society</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Meaningful realization
of fundamental rights</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Features">Features</h3>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Representative PIL (on
behalf of victimised people) and Citizenry PIL (on behalf of citizen as a
whole)</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>These days Citizenry
PIL dominating . More and more rights are adding to fundamental rights</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>PIL is being perceived
as product of Judicial Activism of SC and</span><span style='font-family:
"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> is
not defined in the statute</span></li>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="GuidelinesforadmittingPIL">Guidelines for admitting PIL</h3>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Courts should prima
facie verify the credentials of petitioner and correctness of contents of
petition before entertaining the PIL</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Courts should be fully
satisfied that substantial public interest is involved before entertaining
the petition </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Courts discourage
extraneous and ulterior motives of petitioners by imposing exemplary costs
or adopting similar novel methods to curb frivolous petitions</span></li>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Scope">Scope</h3>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>SC observed that</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&quot;PIL is not a pill or panacea for all wrongs. It was
essentially meant to protect basic human rights of the weak and the
disadvantaged and was a procedure which was innovated where a public-spirited
person files a petition in effect on behalf of such persons who on account of
poverty, helplessness or economic and social disabilities could not approach
court for relief&quot;</p>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Following categories </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>alone</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> will </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>ordinarily
be</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>
entertained as PIL</span></li>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal'>
<li value=1 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'>Bonded labour matters</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Neglected children</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Non-payment of minimum
wages, exploitation, violation of labour laws (Except in individual
cases)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Petitions from jails
complaining of harassment, for pre-mature release and seeking release
after having completed 14 years in jail, death in jail, transfer, </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>release
on personal bond</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'>, </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'>speedy trial as fundamental right</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Against police for
refusing to register a case, harassment by police, death in police
custody</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Against atrocities on
women in particular harassment of bride, bride-burning, rape, murder,
kidnapping etc.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Harassment or torture
of villages by co-villagers or by police on SC/ST/Economically backward
classes</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Petitions pertaining to
</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'>environmental pollution</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'>, disturbance of ecological balance, drugs, food
adulteration, </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'>maintenance of heritage and culture, antiques,</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> forest and wildlife
and other matters of public importance</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Petition from
riot-victims</span></li>
</ol>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:bold;font-style:normal'>
<li value=10 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle;
font-weight:bold' lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;font-weight:bold;font-style:normal;font-weight:bold;
font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Family pension</span></li>
</ol>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5' lang=en-US id="dummy">&nbsp;</h3>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Cases falling below</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> will
not be entertained</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'> as PIL</span></li>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:bold;font-style:normal'>
<li value=1 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle;
font-weight:bold' lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;font-weight:bold;font-style:normal;font-weight:bold;
font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Landlord-tenant matters</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle;font-weight:
bold' lang=en-US><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'>Service matter and those pertaining to Pension and
Gratuity. </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>[Note: Family
pension comes under PIL]</span></li>
</ol>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal'>
<li value=3 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'>Complaints against Central/State/Local Govts except those
relating to categories falling under PIL</span></li>
</ol>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:bold;font-style:normal'>
<li value=4 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle;
font-weight:bold' lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt;font-weight:bold;font-style:normal;font-weight:bold;
font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Admission to medical and other
education institutions </span></li>
</ol>
<ol type=1 style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal'>
<li value=5 style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;
font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt'>Petitions for early hearing of cases pending in High courts and
subordinate courts </span></li>
</ol>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h2 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:14.0pt;color:#2E75B5'
lang=en-US id="NationalLegalServicesAuthority(NALSA)">National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)</h2>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:
12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Basis">Basis</h3>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Article 39A provides for
free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society and ensures
Justice for all</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Accordingly, </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Legal
Services Authority Act</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'> was passed in 1987 which came in to force in 1995 to
establish a nationwide uniform network </span><span style='font-weight:
bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>for providing free and
competent legal services to weaker sections<span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span><span style='font-weight
:bold;
font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:fuchsia;mso-highlight:
fuchsia'>(NOT UNIVERSAL)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Under Legal Services
Authorities Act, </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";
font-size:12.0pt'>National Legal Services Authority</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> has been constituted t</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>o
monitor and evaluation of legal aid programmes</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> and lay down principles
and policies for making legal services available under the act</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Also, </span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>NALSA - overall country</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>State Legal Service
Authority - overall state</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>District Legal Service
Authority - overall district</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>SC Legal Service
Committee - deals only SC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>HC Legal Service
Committee - deals only HC</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Taluk Legal Service
Committee - overall Taluk<br>
&nbsp;</span></li>
</ul>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="Features">Features</h3>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Statutory ,</span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Legal
Services Authorities Act, 1987</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>Chief Justice of India is the Patron-in-Chief </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Serving
or retired judge of SC nominated by President in consultation with CJI is
the Executive Chairman of the Authority.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Objective: </span></li>
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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>to provide free and
competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>to ensure that
opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by
reason of economic or other disabilities,</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>to organize </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Lok
Adalats</span><span style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>
for amicable settlement of disputes</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>spreading legal
literacy and awareness, </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>undertaking social justice litigations</span><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'> etc.</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt;background:fuchsia;
mso-highlight:fuchsia'>Eligible persons for availing free legal services</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US><span style='font-weight:bold'><span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span><span style='font-weight:bold
background:fuchsia;mso-highlight:fuchsia'>(NOT UNIVERSAL)</span></p>

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<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Women and Children</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Members of SC/ST</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Industrial Workmen</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Victims of mass
disaster, violence, flood, drought, earthquake, industrial disaster, </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Victims of traffic in
human beings, begar</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Disabled persons</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Persons
in custody</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>Persons
whose annual income does not exceed 1 lakh </span></li>
</ul>

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margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:12.0pt'>NALSA lays down the
policies, principles, guidelines and frames effective and economic schemes
for State Legal Services Authorities to implement Legal Services
Programmes throughout the country</span></li>
</ul>