Part 17- Languages

<h2 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:14.0pt;color:#2E75B5'
lang=en-US id="Languages">Languages</h2>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="NationalLanguage">National Language</h3>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>India has no official language</span></li>
</ul>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="OfficialLanguages">Official Languages</h3>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Centre official language - As
per constitution (Art 343) - Hindi with Devanagari scripts (Numerals-
International numerals) and </span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>English </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>State official language - Art
345- </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'>State legislature decide any one or more than one OR Hindi</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>. </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Need not be in 8th schedule</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Apart from the scheduled 22
languages, there are 31 languages that have been given the status of
official language by state governments and union territories</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Link language</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>B/w Centre and States-
English</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>B/w Centre and non-Hindi
states - English</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>B/w Hindi and Non Hindi
states - </span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Hindi accompanied by English
translation</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Two or more states free to
agree to use Hindi b/w them [Note: Not any other even if agreed]</span></li>
</ul>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<div style='direction:ltr'>

<table border=1 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 valign=top style='direction:ltr;
border-collapse:collapse;border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:
1pt' title="" summary="">
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Executive</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Union</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Hindi
and English</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7847in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Original
Constitution-Hindi ; English(limited time)</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Official
Languages Act 1963- English(indefinite)</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>State</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Hindi/English/Any
other-one or more</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7847in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US><span
style='background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>State legislature adopts (need
not be in 8th schedule)</span></p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Unless
adopted, English is official language of State </p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Legislature</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Union</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Hindi
and English but permitted any</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7847in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Presiding
officer permits to use member in his mother tongue</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Official
Languages Act 1963: Every bill in parliament accompanied by Hindi</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Transaction
of business - Hindi + English</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>State</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Hindi
and English but permitted any</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7847in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Presiding
officer permits to use member in his mother tongue</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Judiciary
</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>SC</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1972in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>English
only both proceedings and judgements</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.775in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US><span
style='background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Parliament empowered otherwise</span></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>HC</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>English
and …..</
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.8965in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Orig
Constitution-Governor (president permission) can authorize Hindi/any State
official language only for proceedings but Judgement to be in English only</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Official
Languages Act 1963- <span style='font-weight:bold;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>Governor</span><span style='background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'> (president permission) can prescribe any official
language of state or </span><span style='font-weight:bold;background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>Hindi</span> of <span style='background:yellow;
mso-highlight:yellow'>both</span> proceedings and judgement accompanied by
English</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Laws</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Union</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.2062in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US><span
style='background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>English accompanied by Hindi</span></p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7659in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Parliament
empowered otherwise</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0527in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>State</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>English
and ….</
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7847in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>State
legislature can prescribe any language accompanied by English</p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:1.0722in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Constitution</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:.6673in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:2.1868in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>English
and Hindi</p>
</td>
<td style='border-style:solid;border-color:#A3A3A3;border-width:1pt;
vertical-align:top;width:6.7659in;padding:2.0pt 3.0pt 2.0pt 3.0pt'>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Orig
constitution- English</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>58th
CAA - Hindi translation in addition to English translation</p>
<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>Any
difficulty in translation, <span style='font-weight:bold'>President</span>
shall cause Hindi text to be revised suitably</p>
</td>
</tr>
</table>

</div>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>President
may direct State</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>
that a language</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'> shall also be recognised</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> as State language if he feels that substantial
proportion of population demands it</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Representation of aggrieved person cannot be rejected on the
ground that it is not in the official language</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Special Linguistic officer
for minorities - Constitutional body. Art 350B</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Hindi translation of
Acts/orders published under authority of president are deemed to be
authoritative texts.</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>&nbsp;</p>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.75in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>&nbsp;</p>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Government of India launched
a scheme known as “</span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-fami
y:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of
India</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>”
n 2014.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Under this Scheme, the </span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL), Mysore</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> works on protection,
preservation and documentation of all the mother tongues/languages of
India spoken by less than 10,000 speakers keeping in mind the degree of
endangerment and reduction in the domains of usage</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="ScheduleLanguages">Schedule Languages</h3>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Benefits if language added in
8th schedule</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Members of these languages
can be represented in Official Language Commission</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Forms, style, expressions of
these languages can be used for enrichment of Hindi language</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>a candidate appearing in an
examination conducted for public service is entitled to use any of these
languages as the medium in which he or she answers the paper.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Recognition&nbsp;from
the&nbsp;Sahitya&nbsp;Academy.</span></li>
</ul>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>There are </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>22 scheduled
languages</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> in
India mentioned in the Eighth Schedule</span></li>
<ul type=circle style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>1) Assamese, (2) Bengali,
(3) Gujarati, (4) </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>Hindi</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>, (5) Kannada, (6) </span><span style='font-weight:
bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Kashmiri</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, (7) </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Konkani</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, (8) Malayalam, (9)
Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) </span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Nepali</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi,
(14) </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt'>Sanskrit</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>,
(15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) </span><span style='font-weight:
bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Urdu</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> (19) </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Bodo</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>, (20) </span><span style='font-weight:bold;font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Santhali</span><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>, (21) </span><span
style='font-weight:bold;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:
yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Maithili</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> and (22) </span><span style='font-weight:bold;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Dogri</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>.</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'><span
style='font-weight:bold;text-decoration:underline;font-family:Calibri;
font-size:12.0pt'>NOTE: Hindi is a scheduled language while English,
Rajasthani are not scheduled languages</span></li>
</ul>
</ul>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>For designating a language to
be State official language, it need </span><span style='font-weight:bold;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>not</span><span style='font-family:
Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'> be in the Schedule languages list </span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;margin-left:.375in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'
lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="ClassicalLanguages">Classical Languages</h3>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='color:#000000;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><img width=16
height=16 alt="Imp Prelims" src="https://static.wixstatic.com/media/760013_fab708a3e3f249ad85c73c8524bc0ea1~mv2.png">&nbsp;<span style='font-weight:bold;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Sahitya
Academy</span><span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;
background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'> issues the status of Classical
languages in India </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Currently, Sanskrit, Tamil,
Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Odia are classical languages (6)</span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:
yellow'>Hindi, Urdu are not classical languages</span></li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US><br>
&nbsp;</p>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>Sahitya academy works in<span
style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span><span style='font-weight
:bold;
font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt'>22 Constitutionally recognised
languages and English and Rajasthani = Total 24</span></li>
<li style='color:#000000;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle'
lang=en-US><img width=16
height=16 alt=Tricky src="https://static.wixstatic.com/media/760013_06c2a583c0c34b17b47620d978f66ccf~mv2.png">&nbsp;<span style='font-family:Calibri;font-size:
12.0pt;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>Tulu (TN) and Rajasthani,
English , Bhojpuri<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>- Not in
Eighth
schedule </span></li>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</li>
</ul>

<p style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt' lang=en-US>&nbsp;</p>

<h3 style='margin:0in;font-family:Calibri;font-size:12.0pt;color:#5B9BD5'
lang=en-US id="IndianCurrencynoteslanguages">Indian Currency notes languages</h3>

<ul type=disc style='margin-left:.375in;direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed;
margin-top:0in;margin-bottom:0in'>
<li style='margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;vertical-align:middle' lang=en-US><span
style='font-family:"Nirmala UI";font-size:11.0pt'>17 languages incl.
English, Hindi, Urdu</span></li>
</ul>